Ghana’s economy is one of the fastest growing in Africa, and its recently established oil and gas industry has made it a gateway for foreign investment (as stated by the International Monetary Fund and The World Bank in 2019). However, while prospects for a continued expansion are good, the state faces a stubborn fiscal deficit and the longer-term challenge of reducing the nation’s reliance on a small number of exports due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Fiscal and economic reforms, therefore, remain top of the agenda in the election year of 2020.
Air pollution is one of the major causes of death all over the world: every year, more than four and a half million people die for causes directly related to poor air quality . However, policymakers around the globe did not succeed to tackle the issue effectively.