Every year, humans consume way more than the planet has to offer in terms of biological and mineral resources. The day we exceed nature’s budget for the year is called Earth Overshoot Day and, according to the Global Footprint Foundation, we systematically reach it way before we should. Modern capitalist economies are designed for economic growth and the fuel of this growth is consumption. The problem is obviously that the natural resources to consume on our planet are limited.
Besides, the way we extract these resources is destroying natural environments and making the Earth unable to satisfy the needs of a growing population. It is also clear that the waste produced is already a serious problem since landfills have limited capacity and most of the solutions involving combustion raise obvious environmental concerns.